Is Orthodontics for You? (Part II)

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Types of malocclusions

malocclusionsThere are many types of functional and anatomical maladies that can be corrected with the use of braces and clear aligners. The most common are

overcrowding and malocclusion (also called a bad bite).

– Overjet: this is where the upper front teeth extend beyond what is considered normal.

– Deep bite: A deep bite is determined by now far the upper front teeth overlap. If they cover too much of the lower teeth, this is called a deep bite.

– Underbite: This is where the upper front teeth sit inside the lower front teeth when the jaw is closed and at rest. An underbite puts a patient at risk for jaw (TMJ) issues, and chipped teeth.

– Open Bite: An open bite happens when the front teeth don’t meet when the jaw is closed and the back teeth are occluded. An open bite can make it difficult to bite food properly.

– Gaps between teeth: This is the opposite of overcrowding, where the teeth have visible space between them.

– Crossbite: A crossbite is where the teeth are misaligned when the jaw is closed. For instance, the mid point between your two upper front teeth should line up with the mid point of your lower front teeth. If they do not line up, this is called a crossbite.

– Crowded/overlapping teeth: This is where there is not enough room in the arch of your jaw for all of your teeth to sit straight and flush, and instead they twist and overlap. Overcrowded teeth can prove more difficult to maintain good hygiene, as tartar can easily build up in the corners of the overlapping teeth.

These malocclusions are not just cosmetic, and can contribute to chipped or broken teeth, and even jaw pain. Having orthodontic treatment for these functional problems can improve your overall health as a result.



Is Orthodontic Treatment Right for You?

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orthodonticsIf you ever find yourself hesitating to show your teeth when smiling, orthodontic treatment may be right for you.

Brackets with an arch wire (braces) and in many cases, clear aligners, can straighten a crooked, crowded smile, as well as correct anatomical problems. These devices apply targeted pressure where needed to gently but effectively correct a patient’s smile or bite.

If your teeth don’t fit together properly when closed, this is classified as a functional problem that can result in digestion issues, chipped or warn down teeth, and even muscle pain. Orthodontic treatment can correct this malfunction with the added bonus of creating a beautiful smile. Dr. Ashnaei is a certified practitioner of orthodontics as well as Invisalign clear aligners. If you think you may be a candidate, don’t hesitate to call us for a complimentary consultation today!


Are You Sure You Are Brushing Your Child’s Teeth Properly?

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Not everybody knows how to brush his or her teeth properly. Often dental professionals see damaged gums that are the result of brushing teeth incorrectly. When it comes to your own child’s dental health, you’ll want to ensure you are brushing their teeth the right way. Read through the following tips to make sure you are doing it correctly. Read more

Do You Know How to Choose the Right Toothbrush and Toothpaste for Your Child?

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When shopping for a new toothbrush for your child, you can easily feel overwhelmed by the sheer number of toothbrush choices. Some toothbrushes might come in your child’s favorite color or have your child’s favorite cartoon character, which may influence your decision. Because of this, it is very important to have right knowledge when it comes to children’s toothbrushes. Keep the following tips in mind when shopping for a new toothbrush: Read more

Parents’ Responsibility and Children’s Teeth

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As a parent and role model, you have a crucial part to play in making sure your child’s teeth are healthy and clean. Prevention starts at home, and you can help prevent cavities with good eating habits and a daily teeth-cleaning routine. Read more

Vitamin K and your oral health

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If you are deficient in vitamin K, your mouth can be affected. Vitamin K helps in making proteins and blood clotting. Vitamin K deficiency may cause liver disease. Also, people with a deficiency in vitamin K may heal slower than usual and bruise easily. This deficiency can also cause excessive bleeding after tooth extractions such as wisdom teeth removal. Sometimes it may even cause bleeding after normal teeth cleaning. Vitamin K is produced by bacteria in your intestines, and can also be found in certain foods. Some good sources of vitamin K include:

  • leafy green vegetables
  • brussel sprouts
  • broccoli
  • eggs
  • milk
  • beef

Eating healthy foods on a daily basis and taking multivitamins regularly are the keys to maintaining your oral and general health. Be healthy and happy!

Vitamin D and your oral health

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Vitamin D, which is created in your body after exposure to sunlight, helps your body absorb calcium and should be taken with foods that are high in calcium. A lack of vitamin D can lead to burning mouth syndrome, which includes a bitter, metallic taste and dryness in your mouth. Children need to get enough vitamin D so that they will develop healthy teeth and bones, so it is often added to milk. If you are deficient in vitamin D, you could end up with brittle bones. In the mouth, vitamin D deficiency could increase your risk of getting jaw fractures and gum disease. If you are deficient in vitamin D during the early stages of your life, the formation of your teeth will be affected. People with kidney disease could have deficiencies in vitamin D as well.

Here are some sources of vitamin D: Read more

Vitamin C and your oral health

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Vitamin C, which is also known as ascorbic acid, assists with the absorption of iron, maintains healthy connective tissues and promotes strong teeth and gums. In the other words, Vitamin C plays an important role in maintaining healthy teeth and preventing gingivitis. A lack of vitamin C can cause your gums to bleed and your teeth to become loose. Vitamin C deficiency can lead to dental implants, gum surgeries or other dental services. Vitamin C can be acquired from the following sources: Read more

Vitamin B and your oral health

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Vitamin B helps oral health in many ways. Vitamin B deficiencies are one of the most common deficiencies that can affect your teeth and your mouth. Vitamin B3 deficiency can affect your oral health by causing bad breath and mouth sores. Common oral effects of vitamin B deficiency are burning sensations in the mouth and on the tongue, trouble swallowing, swollen tongue, and pale tissues in the inner cheeks that could break apart easily and come off. Some good sources of vitamin B include:

  • B1: pork, whole and enriched grains, nuts, dried beans and legumes
  • B2: eggs, liver, shellfish, almonds and milk
  • B3: liver, meat, poultry, whole grains, fish and peanuts
  • B6: poultry, meat, fish, leafy green vegetables, bananas, legumes, fruits and nuts
  • B12: meat, poultry, milk, fish, eggs, pasta, bagels, spinach and almonds

Deficiencies in vitamin B can increase your risks of getting:

  • a painful inflammation in the mouth (also known as a fungal infection)
  • recurrent aphthous stomatitis or canker sores
  • chronic oral mucosal candidiasis (a fungal infection in the mouth)
  • a tongue that looks “bald” and an affected sense of taste (when there is a severe vitamin B deficiency)

As a general rule, B vitamins are considered non-toxic, so overdosing isn’t a serious problem. B vitamins are water soluble and cannot be stored by the body. Excess amounts of these vitamins are usually filtered by the kidneys and removed from your system.

Please visit us for more information on oral health and vitamins. Our next topic is: Vitamin C and Oral health.

Your Oral Health and Vitamins

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As we all know, a healthy diet helps to maintain your oral and general health. Vitamin deficiency may cause oral health problems such as a burning mouth or bleeding gums. Certain vitamins and minerals help promote optimal oral health. Following a healthy diet is key for your mouth and for your whole body. Some vitamin deficiencies could have severe effects on your teeth and on your mouth. If you have a sore mouth or if your gums bleed frequently, then you may not be able to eat properly. This will eventually make your vitamin deficiency even worse. Ask our experienced dentist in his Coquitlam dental clinic if you have any questions or concerns about your oral health and intake of vitamins and minerals. Here are some suggestions on how you can use the right type of foods to improve your oral health and reduce your chances of having tooth decay and gum disease.

Vitamin A and your oral health

Vitamin A will help improve your teeth, gums, vision and skin cell production. If you lack vitamin A, healing in your mouth will take longer. Some good sources of vitamin A include:

  • fortified milk
  • chicken and beef  liver
  • leafy green vegetables
  • yellow and orange fruits
  • apricots
  • melons such as cantaloupe
  • sweet potatoes
  • pumpkin
  • carrots and spinach

Vitamin A can be stored in the fat in your body, so you should not take it in high dosages. Overdosing on vitamin A can cause headaches, joint pain, diarrhea, vomiting and fatigue.

Please visit us for more information on oral health and vitamins. Our next topic is: Vitamin B and Oral health.

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